1. Types of Appliances:
Whilst your child is still growing, functional orthopaedic appliances can be used to help expand the upper jaw and/or change the jaw position. Functional appliances are usually removable plates that fit over the teeth and change the bite to achieve a more desirable jaw position.
After the orthopaedic treatment with functional appliances, fixed braces treatment usually follows. If your child is 12 or 13 years old, this may be the stage that their treatment will begin using fixed braces to straighten their teeth.
Orthodontic treatment using braces usually begins when most of the permanent teeth have erupted.
Braces are the small, square attachments (called brackets) that are bonded with special orthodontic adhesive to the teeth. There is a small slot in the middle of the bracket into which the orthodontic archwire fits. In order to hold the wire in place, small tiny elastics are wrapped around the outside of the braces. It is the combination of the braces, the wire and the elastics that help the tooth move into its proper position.
3. Removal sequential aligners:
Sequential aligners are designed to straighten the teeth by using digital technology to make a number of plates that each move the teeth a small amount and when worn 20 hours a day can make significant changes in the alignment of the teeth.